Essentials of a First Information Report (FIR)

FIR

Specimen of FIR

First Information Report serves as the basic document of any matter when it goes to the court through police. Since the cases very much depend upon how the FIR is registered, it is pertinent to file an FIR in a proper manner. There are some points which should be kept in mind while recording the FIR. It is imperative for both the Officer in charge and the informant (the one who wishes to file the FIR) to keep in mind some basic issues when it comes to recording or reporting the matter:-

1.The capacity in which the report is being filed?

It is to be specified that the informant is filing the report in what capacity.

a. Whether the informant is himself a victim; or

b. He is an eye-witness and saw the offence being committed.

c. Or whether he heard about the incident from someone else.

(Information about a cognizable offence can be given by anyone who has knowledge of commission of such offence not necessarily being the eye witness.)

2.Who did it?

If a known person has committed the crime then his name, address and other particulars must be mentioned. If not then descriptive particulars of the offender must be penned down like the clothes he was wearing, any special identifiable mark etc.

3.The time of commission?

The time when the crime was committed must also be noted down. If delay occurred in lodging FIR then the reason accounting for such delay must also be recorded.

4.The place of commission?

The area/place where the offence was committed is a must for FIR. This helps in ascertaining the jurisdiction of the police station.

5.Against whom the crime was committed?

The informant should mention the victim of the crime. Since the informant may not necessarily be the victim, this information becomes crucial.

6.How did the offence take place?

A detailed description of the act committed by the offender must be recorded accurately so that it helps in further investigation. Also if any  arms/weapons/vehicles were used then their description is also called for.

The description of injury received (if any) by property and/or victim also form an essential part of FIR.

7. Things taken away by the accused?

If the accused has taken anything which doesn’t belong to him/her (as in case of theft etc.) then the complete description of property and identifiable particulars must be put down.

8. The details about Witness?

If the offence took place in presence of witness(s) then their name and address must be taken down. Also if the witness attempted to rescue the victim then every single act must be described.

9.Reason behind the commission?

If the motive behind the offence is known to the informant then it may be mentioned in the FIR.

10.Traces left behind by the offender?

If there is any object left behind by the offender then it must be recorded in the FIR. The object could be something like a slipper or a handkerchief etc.

By Nikita Anand on July 8, 2010 · Posted in Criminal Law

12 Comments | Post Comment

Ayush Dev Bajpai says:

Hey Nikita
Nicely Explained fact, I hope people would be helped a lot by keeping in mind the above mentioned points.
I would just like to add up a question to it, That what Are the responsibility of the Officer in charge noting Down the FIR, And what rights do the informant has if he is not heard, Is there any specific law or provision over this issue
Regards
Ayush Dev bajpai

Posted on July 23rd, 2010

Nikita Anand says:

Ayush, The aggrieved person may contact the superintendent of Police or any other senior police official. If he is not heard there also.. then a court which has jurisdiction over the matter may be approached. Human rights commission also entertains complaints regarding Non registration of FIRs.

Posted on September 21st, 2010

dharmendra sharma says:

wow .
i must say u thanx for aware the people..

Posted on August 13th, 2010

Gaurav Goyal says:

Hey nikita,
I want more information regarding FIR.Is there any different types of FIR for different cases or crimes. If there are such ones can u plz mail me.

Posted on September 16th, 2010

Nikita Anand says:

Dear Gaurav,
As far as my knowledge goes there is only one kind of FIR. It has a blank column to describe the crime.. the police can enter any crime there. So They don't really need many kinds of FIR. Only one format of the report serves the purpose well.

Posted on September 21st, 2010

Simmi Pathania says:

Hi………. I must say u thank you very much to this information.

Posted on October 29th, 2010

Monish says:

Dear Nikita,
1. Can the FIR be lodged with some delay…. say you want to wait for some internal departmental enquiry report to come(primarily not to instigate appointments up the chain by reporting outside)and if you think that the awaited report has come biased or unjust has been done. Now can you lodge an FIR with that delay?
With warm regards
Thanks

Posted on January 2nd, 2011

Nikita Anand says:

The FIR is lodged when the Cause of Action arises. If reason for filing FIR is the Report itself then yes it can be filed with delay.

Posted on January 28th, 2011

NITIN SHAH says:

I WANT TO KNOW HOW CAN PERSON LODGED F.I.R.? IT IS NECESSARY TO GO TO POLICE STATION OR CAN LODGED F.I R. WITH REGD A.D. OR EMAIL?OR THIS TYPE OF F.I.R. IS VALID OR NOT? ON WHICH SECTION IT IS VALID.
ONE TIME I READ THAT SUPREME COURT SAYS THAT A PERSON CAN LODGED F.I.R. BY MAIL, REGD POST TO LOCAL POLICE STATION IT IS RIGHT OR NOT?

Posted on April 9th, 2011

Shreya says:

Hey. This is a great initiative. Keep it up!

Posted on April 3rd, 2012

Nikita Anand says:

Thank you Shreya! 🙂

Posted on April 4th, 2012

Akhtar Muhammad Kakar says:

Hi, Nikita Anand
The information provided by you is informative and authentic. I wish you may provide more and more informative and authentic information about Law subject esp. CrPC and CPC.
Regards/ Thanks.

(Akhtar Muhammad K)

Posted on July 4th, 2013