Rights of Prisoners in India

July 15th, 20108:05 pm @    

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Whenever we try imagining a typical jail in our country, the picture which comes to our mind is not exactly charming. News reports often bring into light the ignominious behavior of police with the incarcerated. Gloomy atmosphere, bad food, inadequate medical facilities are some of the basic problems faced by the prisoners.

Every convict has been conferred with certain rights by the constitution of India so that his life as a prisoner is dignified and comfortable. Though these rights are must for every convicted person to maintain and balance his mental status as a human being, the inefficiency of our law enforcement system prevents prisoners from enjoying these rights. But NGOs in our country are working for this cause with considerable results. If these agencies keep working with this pace they will definitely be able to make a mark. But the citizens must be aware themselves so as to what rights one can enjoy if they get locked up unfortunately.

Following are the rights conferred upon a convict:-

A convict:

  1. Should be treated with dignity.
  2. Should not be subjected to any physical /mental torture or any kind of inhuman or degrading punishment.
  3. Cannot be isolated in a separate cell, except on medical grounds or if he/she has proven to be dangerous to other prisoners.
  4. Must be presented with means to express his/her grievances faced within the jail.
  5. Has right to meet his lawyer and family members at least twice a week.
  6. Has right to send letters to his relatives and to other prisoners irrespective of their relationship.
  7. Has right to write books and get them published, if he/she so desires.
  8. Can give press interview, subject to reasonable restrictions.
  9. Cannot be held in slavery and or servitude.
  10. Cannot be subjected to any labour which is exploitative in nature.
  11. Should be equitable remunerated for his labour and should not be paid below the prescribed wages.

Article by

Co-Founder of MightyLaws.in. She is currently pursuing BA.LLB(Hons) from National Law Institute University, Bhopal. She has a strong belief that increasing legal awareness is the key to ensure social justice and simplification of law is the means to achieve it.

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