What exactly is Indian Penal Code?

Indian penal code is the skeleton of the Indian criminal justice system. A person in general encounters it either in news reports or whenever he himself gets involved in a criminal case attracting IPC sections. But what exactly Indian Penal code is? How and when did it originate? What is its applicability? How does it work? To what extend it helps the law enforcement agencies? What is modus operandi of judges while applying the relevant sections?

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There are loads of questions in mind of a layman. So here is the answer to every general query regarding the IPC-

Indian Penal Code is a document that has been formulated to counter crimes of various natures and breach of law. IPC traces its roots to the British colonial rule in India and draws heavily from the British legislation dating back to 1860. The first and the introductory draft of the Indian Penal Code was formulated in 1860s by the first law commission chaired by Lord Macaulay. Since then, the law has undergone lots of amendments in order to incorporate a lot of changes and judicial clauses for the betterment of the justice delivery.

IPC covers any Indian citizen or a person of Indian origin with the exceptions to any kind of military or the armed forces crimes, which are handled by a dedicated list of armed force acts. The most important feature of the Indian Penal Code is the impartial nature of judgments promoted by the document. The Indian Penal Code does not include any special favors or relaxations on any special person at some position of power. Thus, the Indian Penal Code stands alike for government employees, as for a common man, and even for a judicial officer. These builds up the faith of the common citizens in the law making and enforcing bodies in the country and also in turn prevent any sort of corruption or misuse of power on the part of the people in power.

All in all, the Indian Penal Code of the present day has done away with almost all it’s flaws and has evolved into a modern law enforcing document, that takes into consideration the humane side of the personalities of culprits as well. This has escalated the Indian system of Law to greater heights and has led to a firm respect for it in every citizen of the country. In spite of the striving efforts of the law makers as well as enforcers, the Indian Penal Code has been constantly tested and put under a critic’s scanner at various instances.

I hope that you found this article enlightening and useful. Any queries of general nature, comments, new perspectives, etc can put forward in the comment box below. I will try to respond to them to the best of my knowledge and viewpoint.

By Pratiksha Sharma on March 24, 2010 · Posted in Criminal Law

4 Comments | Post Comment

Piyush Raj says:

Nicely described. πŸ™‚
Would like to say that the system is really good but the implementation of this law has taken the last seat.I don’t know much about law but I’d heard somewhere that when we compare it with small developing countries then we have the lowest n0 of judiciary personnels per thousand.

BTW there isn’t any law which works against our politicians specially in UP and BIHAR.

Posted on March 25th, 2010

pratiksha sharma says:

nice to see you here piyu…:) nd thax a lot for your appreciations and interest on the article…

India is the safest heaven in the world where corrupt politicians live very happily. Not only in UP nd BIHAR..This is India and every where it is so.There are agitations and asking for a probe on many matters of corruption in India but noone is caught and every minister is enjoying in India as no action is taken against them.

For example if someone has earned money more than 5 lacs 10- lacs or reported that they possess some assets immediately income tax people raid the houses of ordinary citizens.But ministers who have obtained illegal money to the tune of thousands of crores are not at all proceeded with any inquiry.

Many countries took action against the people who had huge illegal money.But Indian govt is keeping silent for the last 10 months as many politicians are involved.

Posted on March 25th, 2010

juned says:

good πŸ™‚

Posted on March 30th, 2010

Anshu says:

Dear Ma’am/Sir,

The IPC is beautifully described, but I do not totally agree with what is being said about laws being biased when it comes to ministers and common man.

First of all we do not know the all case history, the details and the judgement. It is, however, evident that people with money or power do have ways to bypass laws… but when properly enacted the law supersedes everyone.

With regards,

Posted on January 9th, 2011